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|"Coming to Texas, 1528-1836"
Approximately 54% of all enslaved Africans brought to the New
World between 1519 and 1700 disembarked in Spanish America, and
New Spain (Mexico) received its share through the ports of Veracruz
where Africans were first brought and taken for work in the country's
gold and silver mines, as servants, field workers and other labors. So
numerous were Africans in New Spain that by 1570 the 20,569
Africans there were three times the Spanish population.
The Africans spread out through New Spain, including heading
north and across the Rio Grande inter-marrying with indigenous
people, running away from slavery (marronage) and starting their
own communities. Some became the first black Texans.
This package examines how Africans first came to this part of the
|Texas Black History Preservation Project
Documenting the Complete African American Experience in Texas -- "Know your history, know yourself"
|Want to submit an entry? See our submissions page for how you can contribute an entry, essay, photo or other pertinent information.
The Houston Riot/Camp Logan Mutiny
The darkest social blemish in Houston's history occurred on the steamy
night of Aug. 23, 1917. The Houston Riot, also called the Camp Logan
Mutiny, is known as the only race riot in U.S. history where more
whites (15) than blacks (4) died. The incident led to the largest court
martial in U.S. military history.
Here, the TBHPP examines that night as well as the events leading to it
and the aftermath that included 19 members of the 24th Infantry (a unit
of the famed "Buffalo Soldiers") being led to the gallows and buried in
practically unmarked graves at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio. Our
- "Camp Logan Riot of 1917": An essay by Roxanne Evans and
- Angela Holder, history professor at Houston Community College,
Central Campus, is a great niece of one of the 24th Infantry
soldiers hung for alleged participation in the riot. Prof. Holder
writes a personal reflection on the riots.
- Expanded Timeline: A history of African Americans in the U.S.
- The Crisis Report -- Right's activist Martha Gruening reported on
the Houston violence for the November, 1917 edition of The Crisis
magazine, the NAACP's influential quarterly publication started
by W.E.B. DuBois.
- Video: "Buffalo Soldiers history."
Drawing by Kathleen Howell
"The Emancipation Proclamation --
Freedom Realized and Delayed"
The 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation was marked in 2013. President Abraham Lincoln signed the
proclamation on Jan. 1, 1863. The order officially freed all slaves within the states or parts of states, basically the
Confederate states, including Texas, that were in rebellion against the Union. However, the proclamation did not
apply to the one million slaves in Union territory who remained in bondage and word of the edict would not
officially reach Texas for another two and half years -- June 19, 1865. View the TBHPP special package on the
Proclamation and Juneteenth, including an essay, video, and images.
The TBHPP is presenting this wonderful exhibit on the history of African-American
physicians in Texas courtesy of the Texas Medical Association. Some were born
slaves, such as Franklin R. Robey, MD, of Houston, some were the children of slaves.
Maps, vintage images, and a timeline trace key events starting in 1837 and continuing
until 2009 when TMA elected its first African-American president, William H. Fleming
III, MD, a Houston neurologist. Click here to view the exhibit.
This Week in Texas Black History -- Nov. 22-28
|Africans have had a presence in Texas for almost 500 years, maybe longer. The territory was the northernmost area of New Spain (Mexico) in 1528 when Esteban (Estevanico), a Moroccan Moor
servant, waded ashore with a group of Spanish conquistadors near what is now Galveston Island and established himself as the first known African in what would become Texas. Since, African
Americans have contributed significantly in all facets of the building of the Lone Star State -- its infrastructure, image, and culture. For that, the Texas Black History Preservation Project is charting
every aspect of the black experience in Texas as an online encyclopedia.
Subscribe to our
newsletter, it's free!
|TBHPP, The Blog!
Prairie View A&M history professor Ron Goodwin's bi-weekly blog is exclusive to TBHPP, addressing black history and contemporary
African American issues. Follow, comment, and join in the discourse. Read it here.
#MyUntold -- Wells Fargo Bank storytelling campaign for African Americans
Wells Fargo Bank is giving everyday African Americans an opportunity to tell their stories as a way to present new
and varied perspectives on what it means to be African American. In the company's "#MyUntold" story- telling
movement, members of the community are invited to submit their stories on social media platforms in video,
pictures, or words by using the phrase #MyUntold. To share your untold story, simply enter the phrase #MyUntold
on Facebook, Twitter, etc. To view videos from the campaign, visit the Wells Fargo YouTube page. For
suggestions on creating and sharing your story, see the Wells Fargo storytelling tip sheet here.
The Texas Black History Preservation Project is mourning the passing of highly-esteemed University of Texas at El Paso
Professor Maceo Crenshaw Dailey, Jr., Ph.D., a true and dedicated friend and supporter. Dr. Dailey passed away Sunday, Oct. 11,
at the age of 72 in his hometown of Baltimore.
When this project started in 2007, Dr. Dailey was eagerly one of the first to come aboard, citing a real need for the work
we're doing. If you have not seen it, read the brilliant introduction he wrote for the project's inauguration in 2007 here. Without
fail, he has always been in our corner and offered sage advice for our direction and assistance in helping us to get funded. We will
miss him more than words can say.
An internationally-recognized scholar, he was director of the African American Studies program at UTEP for 19 years and
was widely published as an author, essayist, and contributor in books and scholarly journals, and has been lauded on numerous
occasions by various local, state, and national organizations and community groups. Dr. Dailey was a vocal and tireless advocate
for the teaching and recognition of black history, especially in El Paso. He served on many boards and worked with civic and
historical organizations statewide, including two terms as chair for the Board of Directors of Humanities Texas (state arm of
National Endowment For Humanities), a commissioner on the Texas Emancipation Juneteenth Cultural and Historical
Commission, and was a member of the Advisory Committee for the building of the Bob Bullock Texas Museum.
Read his obit from the El Paso Times.
In Memoriam: Maceo Crenshaw Dailey, Jr., 1943-2015
23 -- On this day in 1963, Baylor University's athletic council announced it would integrate all of the school's athletic teams, effective
with the opening of the spring semester, Jan. 30, 1964. At the time, the school had no black students, but had announced its
intention to open enrollment. John Bridgers, head football coach and athletic director said, "We don't know of any Negro athletes
right now that we're interested in, but there may be some we will want to look at and investigate...there are some tremendous
Negro athletes all over the country." Bridgers said he personally agrees with the action of the trustees and the athletic council. "I feel
it's something that should be, from a standpoint of being right." Ironically, Baylor was the first program in the Southwest
Conference to have a black player take the field when running back John Westbrook, a walk-on, carried the ball twice in the Bears
victory over Syracuse University on Sept. 10, 1966. A week later, Southern Methodist University's Jerry Levias became the SWC's
first black scholarship player.
24 -- Called the "King of Ragtime," Scott Joplin was born this day in 1868 near Linden, Texas. (Some documents, however, refer to
his birth as between June 1867 and mid-January 1868.) Joplin grew up in Texarkana, Texas and taught himself to play piano in the
home where his mother worked as a domestic. Sheet music for his best-known piece, “Maple Leaf Rag,” sold over a million copies
and his works also include a ballet and two operas. Joplin's music was featured in the 1973 motion picture, “The Sting," which won
an Academy Award for its film score. In 1976, Joplin was posthumously awarded a Pulitzer Prize for “Treemonisha,” the first grand
opera by an African American.
24 – Jazz pianist Teddy Wilson was born this day in Austin in 1912. Known as "the definitive swing pianist," Wilson began his
career in the late 1920s in various Midwest bands, and from 1935 to 1939, played on sessions that resulted in legendary vocalist Billie
Holiday's greatest work. He joined Benny Goodman in 1936, breaking the color barrier by performing on an equal footing with
Goodman in trios, quartets and sextets.
24 -- Attorney, businessman and civil rights activist Percy Sutton was born on this date in 1920 in San Antonio. The son of a former
slave, Sutton served in World War II with the Tuskegee Airmen, then settled in New York. In 1971, he co-founded the Inner City
Broadcasting Corporation, which purchased WLIB-AM, making it the first black-owned station in New York City. He earned a law
degree in 1950 and served in the New York State Assembly before taking over as Manhattan borough president in 1966, becoming
the state's highest-ranking black elected official. Sutton also headed a group that owned the Amsterdam News, the second-largest
black weekly newspaper in the country.
28 -- The Jack Yates-Phillis Wheatley high school football rivalry in Houston started in 1927, but the game officially
became the "Turkey Day Classic" on this day in 1946. Played at Jeppesen Stadium -- then a venue for public school
sports events, the Thanksgiving Day game would be played until 1966 and drew standing room only crowds of
30,000-plus fans making it, for many years, the largest event in the nation for high school football.