|The TBHPP is an independent nonprofit research group. Your kind donations will help support our work
and keep this site access free and open to the public. Click here to donate.
The TBHPP sincerely thanks these organizations for their support:
|"Coming to Texas, 1528-1836"
Approximately 54% of all enslaved Africans brought to the New
World between 1519 and 1700 disembarked in Spanish America, and
New Spain (Mexico) received its share through the ports of Veracruz
where Africans were first brought and taken for work in the country's
gold and silver mines, as servants, field workers and other labors. So
numerous were Africans in New Spain that by 1570 the 20,569
Africans there were three times the Spanish population.
The Africans spread out through New Spain, including heading
north and across the Rio Grande inter-marrying with indigenous
people, running away from slavery (marronage) and starting their
own communities. Some became the first black Texans.
This package examines how Africans first came to this part of the
|Texas Black History Preservation Project
Documenting the Complete African American Experience in Texas -- "Know your history, know yourself"
|Want to submit an entry? See our submissions page for how you can contribute an entry, essay, photo or other pertinent information.
The Houston Riot/Camp Logan Mutiny
The darkest social blemish in Houston's history occurred on the steamy
night of Aug. 23, 1917. The Houston Riot, also called the Camp Logan
Mutiny, is known as the only race riot in U.S. history where more
whites (15) than blacks (4) died. The incident led to the largest court
martial in U.S. military history.
Here, the TBHPP examines that night as well as the events leading to it
and the aftermath that included 19 members of the 24th Infantry (a unit
of the famed "Buffalo Soldiers") being led to the gallows and buried in
practically unmarked graves at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio. Our
- "Camp Logan Riot of 1917": An essay by Roxanne Evans and
- Angela Holder, history professor at Houston Community College,
Central Campus, is a great niece of one of the 24th Infantry
soldiers hung for alleged participation in the riot. Prof. Holder
writes a personal reflection on the riots.
- Expanded Timeline: A history of African Americans in the U.S.
- The Crisis Report -- Right's activist Martha Gruening reported on
the Houston violence for the November, 1917 edition of The Crisis
magazine, the NAACP's influential quarterly publication started
by W.E.B. DuBois.
- Video: "Buffalo Soldiers history."
Drawing by Kathleen Howell
"The Emancipation Proclamation --
Freedom Realized and Delayed"
The 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation was marked in 2013. President Abraham Lincoln signed the
proclamation on Jan. 1, 1863. The order officially freed all slaves within the states or parts of states, basically the
Confederate states, including Texas, that were in rebellion against the Union. However, the proclamation did not
apply to the one million slaves in Union territory who remained in bondage and word of the edict would not
officially reach Texas for another two and half years -- June 19, 1865. View the TBHPP special package on the
Proclamation and Juneteenth, including an essay, video, and images.
The TBHPP is presenting this wonderful exhibit on the history of African-American
physicians in Texas courtesy of the Texas Medical Association. Some were born
slaves, such as Franklin R. Robey, MD, of Houston, some were the children of slaves.
Maps, vintage images, and a timeline trace key events starting in 1837 and continuing
until 2009 when TMA elected its first African-American president, William H. Fleming
III, MD, a Houston neurologist. Click here to view the exhibit.
This Week in Texas Black History -- Apr. 26-May 2
|Africans have had a presence in Texas for almost 500 years, maybe longer. The territory was the northernmost area of New Spain (Mexico) in 1528 when Esteban (Estevanico), a Moroccan Moor
servant, waded ashore with a group of Spanish conquistadors near what is now Galveston Island and established himself as the first known African in what would become Texas. Since, African
Americans have contributed significantly in all facets of the building of the Lone Star State -- its infrastructure, image, and culture. For that, the Texas Black History Preservation Project is charting
every aspect of the black experience in Texas as an online encyclopedia.
Subscribe to our
newsletter, it's free!
|TBHPP, The Blog!
Prairie View A&M history professor Ron Goodwin's bi-weekly blog is exclusive to TBHPP, addressing black history and contemporary
African American issues. Follow, comment, and join in the discourse. Read it here.
#MyUntold -- Wells Fargo Bank storytelling campaign for African Americans
Wells Fargo Bank is giving everyday African Americans an opportunity to tell their stories as a way to present
new and varied perspectives on what it means to be African American. In the company's "#MyUntold" story-
telling movement, members of the community are invited to submit their stories on social media platforms in
video, pictures, or words by using the phrase #MyUntold. To share your untold story, simply enter the phrase
#MyUntold on Facebook, Twitter, etc. To view videos from the campaign, visit the Wells Fargo YouTube page.
For suggestions on creating and sharing your story, see the Wells Fargo storytelling tip sheet here.
29 – This date marks the birth of physician J. Edward Perry in 1870 in Clarksville, Texas. Born to former slaves, Perry graduated from
Bishop College in Marshall in 1891 then from Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tenn. in 1895. On November 1, 1910 he founded the
Perry Sanitarium and Training School for Nurses (and doctors) to tend black patients in Kansas City. The sanitarium was renamed
Wheatley-Provident Hospital in 1915 and Dr. Perry served as its superintendent from 1910 until 1930. At age 76, Perry came out of
retirement to serve as executive director of the Houston Negro Hospital in March 1947. Through his dedicated efforts, the hospital became
accredited and affiliated with Baylor College of Medicine.
29 – In 1892, Carter W. Wesley, newspaperman and political activist, was born on this day in Houston. Wesley received a B.A. degree
from Fisk University in Nashville in 1917, entered the Army and became one of the first black officers in the U.S. military. After serving in
World War I, he earned a law degree from Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois and in 1927 returned to Houston where he
bought into a newly formed publishing company which owned the Houston Informer newspaper. In 1934, he became publisher and used
the paper as a platform to battle racism and to speak on behalf African Americans. Wesley was also a founder of the National Newspaper
Publishers Association, a federation of more than 200 black community newspapers across the United States.
29 -- Carl Edward Gardner, an original member of the 1950’s R&B/Rock and Roll group The Coasters, was born on this day in 1928 in
Tyler. Gardner moved to Los Angeles in 1952 and sang with The Robins, a group that included Bobby Nunn, from 1954-1955. Gardner
and Nunn left the Robins to help form the Coasters in the fall of 1955. Gardner led on such Coasters’ hits as 'Poison Ivy,' 'Yakety Yak'
and 'Charlie Brown.' The group was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on January 21, 1987 as the first vocal group receiving
that honor. The Coasters had six gold records (million sellers).
2 – On this day in 2009, the Texas Medical Association (TMA) elected Houston neurologist William H. Fleming III as its 144th president
and the first African American to lead the group. A native of Memphis, Fleming was named a Texas Super Doctor by Texas Monthly
magazine In 2005 and 2006, and Top Doctor by Houston magazine in 2007.
May 1 – On this day in 1991, Marcelite Harris became the U.S. Air Force’s first African-American female general. Harris is a Houston native who
graduated from Kashmere Gardens High School in 1960. Among her many other “firsts,” she was also the first woman aircraft maintenance
officer, one of the first two women air officers commanding at the U.S. Air Force Academy, and the first woman deputy commander for
maintenance. She was the highest ranking woman in the U.S. Air Force and the highest ranking black woman in the entire Department of
Defense when she retired in 1997.
1 – Olympic sprinter and National Football League running back Ollie Matson was born on this day in 1930 in Trinity, Texas. At age 14,
he moved with his family to San Francisco, and in 1952 earned a bachelor’s degree in history from the University of San Francisco. In
1951, he led the nation with 1,566 yards rushing and 21 touchdowns and was named an All-American as a defensive back. The next year,
he won a bronze medal in the 400-meter dash and a silver medal as part of the 4x400-meter relay team at the Olympic Games in Helsinki,
Finland and was the No. 3 overall pick in the NFL Draft by the Chicago Cardinals. In his 14-year career, Matson set a league record with
nine career touchdown returns and retired with 12,884 combined net yards (rushing, receiving, and returns), an NFL record at the time.
He also played with the Los Angeles Rams, the Detroit Lions and the Philadelphia Eagles. The Rams traded eight players and a draft
choice to the Cardinals to get Matson in 1959, in one of the biggest deals in league history. Matson was a six-time All-Pro and shared
Rookie of the Year honors in 1952 with San Francisco 49ers running back Hugh McIlhenny. In 1972, the first year he was eligible,
Matson was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame, and in 1976 was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame.