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"Coming to Texas, 1528-1836"
      Approximately 54% of all enslaved Africans brought to the New
World between 1519 and 1700 disembarked in Spanish America, and
New Spain (Mexico) received its share through the ports of Veracruz  
where Africans were first brought and taken for work in the country's
gold and silver mines, as servants, field workers and other labors.  So
numerous were Africans in New Spain that by 1570 the 20,569
Africans there were three times the Spanish population.
      The Africans spread out through New Spain, including heading  
north and across the Rio Grande inter-marrying with indigenous
people, running away from slavery (marronage) and starting their  
own communities. Some became the first black Texans.
      This package examines how Africans first came to this part of the
world:

Mailing address:
1108 Lavaca St., No. 110-212
Austin, TX 78701      
Phone: 512-673-0565      
Email:
roxanneevans@tbhpp.org; michaelhurd@tbhpp.org   
Unitarian Universal
Fellowship
of Austin
Texas Black History Preservation Project
Documenting the Complete African American Experience in Texas -- "Know your history, know yourself"
Want to submit an entry? See our submissions page for how you can contribute an entry, essay, photo or other pertinent information.









The Houston Riot/Camp Logan Mutiny
      The darkest social blemish in Houston's history occurred on the
steamy night of Aug. 23, 1917. The Houston Riot, also called the Camp  
Logan Mutiny, is known as the only race riot in U.S. history where  
more whites (15) than blacks (4) died. The incident led to the largest  
court martial in U.S. military history.
      Here, the TBHPP examines that night as well as the events leading
to it and the aftermath that included 19 members of the 24th Infantry (a
unit of the famed "Buffalo Soldiers") being led to the gallows and buried  
in practically unmarked graves at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio.  
Our stories include:

  • "Camp Logan Riot of 1917": An essay by Roxanne Evans and
    Michael Hurd
  • Angela Holder, history professor at Houston Community College,
    Central Campus, is a great niece of one of the 24th Infantry
    soldiers hung for alleged participation in the riot. Prof. Holder
    writes a personal reflection on the riots.
  • Expanded Timeline: A history of African Americans in the U.S.
    Military
  • The Crisis Report -- Right's activist Martha Gruening reported on
    the Houston violence for the November, 1917 edition of The Crisis
    magazine, the NAACP's influential quarterly publication started
    by W.E.B. DuBois.
  • Video: "Buffalo Soldiers history."
Esteban
Drawing by Kathleen Howell
Juneteenth:   

     "The Emancipation Proclamation --
                                Freedom Realized and Delayed"
The 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation was marked in 2013. President Abraham Lincoln signed the
proclamation on Jan. 1, 1863. The order officially freed all slaves within the states or parts of states, basically the
Confederate states, including Texas, that were in rebellion against the Union. However, the proclamation did not
apply to the one million slaves in Union territory who remained in bondage and word of the edict would not
officially reach Texas for another two and half years -- June 19, 1865.
View the TBHPP special package on the
Proclamation and Juneteenth, including an essay, video, and images.
In recognizing the 127th anniversary of the founding of the Lone Star
Medical Assn., the TBHPP is presenting a wonderful exhibit on the
history of African-American physicians in Texas. Courtesy of the
Texas
Medical Association, the digital exhibit highlights the struggles of early
Belvedre Neal, the first African-American to practice medicine in Texas
in 1882 in Goliad. Some were born slaves, such as Franklin R. Robey,
MD, of Houston, some were the children of slaves. Maps, vintage
images, and a timeline trace key events starting in 1837 and continuing
until 2009 when TMA elected its first African-American president,
William H. Fleming III, MD, a Houston neurologist. Click here to view  
the exhibit.
This Week in Texas Black History -- Oct. 19-25
Africans have had a presence in Texas for almost 500 years, maybe longer. The territory was the northernmost area of New Spain (Mexico) in 1528 when Esteban (Estevanico), a Moroccan Moor
servant, waded ashore with a group of Spanish conquistadors near what is now Galveston Island and established himself as the first known African in what would become Texas. Since, African
Americans have contributed significantly in all facets of the building of the Lone Star State -- its infrastructure, image, and culture. For that, the Texas Black History Preservation Project is charting
every aspect of the black experience in Texas as an online encyclopedia.
Texas Black History...Now
History-related news and events from African American communities around the state

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newsletter, it's free!



Starita Smith, Ph.D., looks at an often overlooked aspect of the Underground Railroad that saw thousands of slaves escape bondage
and flee to non-slave states or across the U.S. borders to freedom. The more popular Northern routes channeled many escapees to
Canada, but a lesser known Southern path went through Texas and ended in Mexico. Smith writes, "Slavery was a primary motivation
for the opening of the West, but just as in so many other foundational events in the history of the U.S., the slavery question is often
overlooked when western history is discussed, and so is the southern route of escape from enslavement that thousands of Africans
took through Texas into Mexico." Read her entry, "A Southern Route of the Underground Railroad,"
here.
Texas Black History Preservation Project
   Wells Fargo and the Houston Museum of African American Culture are presenting
"African American Treasures from The Kinsey Collection," from Aug. 2-Oct. 26.
The
Kinsey Collection is one of the largest private collections of African American art and
spans over 400 years of black history. For the HMAAC, the showing celebrates the
50th anniversary of the
Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The museum is located at
4807 Caroline Street.
   The Kinsey Collection, on a multi-city national tour, includes artifacts and works
of art commemorating the artistic, historic and cultural contributions of African
Americans. The exhibition seeks to dispel myths and promote dialogue about the role
of African Americans in the making of America.
   The exhibition's combination of original documents, rare books, paintings, early
photographs and modern sculptures is meant to create a unique and diverse
experience, bringing history to life through art and artifacts. Included are seldom
displayed artifacts, such as an early edition of
Solomon Northrup's "12 Years a Slave,"
the basis of the Academy Award-winning film. Works from Houston artists
John
Biggers and Lionel Lofton will also be featured.
   The Kinsey Collection has been viewed by over 3 million people and was on display
at the
Smithsonian National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C.
   The collection is owned by Los Angeles philanthropist, entrepreneur, and
management consultant
Bernard W. Kinsey who has consulted on economic
development with the governments of South Africa, Germany, the U.K., and France
and was appointed Honorary Consul General by the
U.S. State Department and the  
Central African Republic. In 20 years with the Xerox Corporation, Kinsey was one of
the pioneers in breaking down racial barriers in corporate America and holds the
distinction of achieving number one status in every sales and marketing position he
held from 1968 through 1984.
"The Cultivators," Oil on Canvas, Samuel L. Dunson, Jr.
The Kinsey Collection
Renowned Kinsey Collection on
display in Houston, Aug. 2-Oct. 26
New Entry -- Henry Reeves, first trainer for Longhorns football team

    The first black man associated with University of Texas athletics happened not to be an athlete.
    However, Henry Reeves – "Doc Henry" – worked as a trainer with the football team during the
program's infancy, as "trainer, masseuse, and the closest thing to a doctor the fledgling football team
ever knew," writes Bill Little, longtime UT Athletics publicist.
    A native of West Harper, Tenn., Reeves was the son of freed slaves who migrated to Texas. From
1895 through 1915, he was a fixture with the team during an era when blacks could not attend the
University of Texas and Reeves couldn’t sit in the same rail car as the players, nor could he stay with
them, eat with them, or wait for a train in the same room with them. Yet, "The Longhorn" publication
of 1914, called him, "The most famous character connected with football in the University of Texas."
Read Little's story
here about the man he says "touched more football players – with his hands and
with his heart – than any man in the first 20 years of Texas athletics."
ALSO
TBHPP, The Blog!

We're very happy to announce the addition of an exclusive bi-weekly blog from Prairie View A&M history professor
Ron Goodwin who will address black history and contemporary African American issues. Ron was a military “brat,”
and still considers San Antonio home. An Air Force veteran, he studied at Texas Lutheran University in Seguin and
received his undergraduate degree. He has graduate degrees from Texas Southern University. A well-published author,
his books include, "African Americans of Houston," a pictorial history of Houston’s black community and, most
recently, "Remembering the Days of Sorrow," an examination of the institution of slavery in Texas from the perspective
of the New Deal’s Slave Narratives. We hope you will follow, comment, and join in the discourse. Read it
here.
Goodwin
19 – Two-time Grammy Award winner Jennifer Holliday was born on this day in 1960 in Houston. Inspired by
congresswoman and fellow Houston native
Barbara Jordan to be a good citizen and a good person, Holliday began
singing in the
Pleasant Grove Baptist Church choir. She gained fame in the starring role of Effie "Melody" White in the
Broadway production "
Dreamgirls," for which Holliday earned a Tony Award for Best Actress In A Musical. In the
show, she sings "
And I Am Telling You I'm not Going," which also reached No. 1 on R&B charts.
22Christia Daniels Adair, suffragist and civil rights activist, was born on this day in 1893, in Victoria, Texas. A graduate of
Prairie View Normal College, Adair was an elementary school teacher in Kingsville where she organized a group of black and
white women to acquire voting rights in 1919. She later became one of the first black women to vote in the state’s previously
all-
white primary
. Adair and her husband relocated to Houston where she would become executive secretary for the Houston chapter
of the
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. With the NAACP she led campaigns to desegregate the city’s
public schools, libraries, transportation, hospitals and other public facilities. In 1952, Adair help found the first Harris County
interracial political group, the
Harris County Democrats. In 1977, a Houston city park was named for her.
22 – In 1936, Bobby Seale was born on this day in Dallas. Seale would become a political activist and revolutionist, and in 1966 co-
founded (with
Huey Newton) and was national chairman of the Black Panther Party. J. Edgar Hoover, Federal Bureau of
Investigation
director, described the Panthers as "the greatest threat to the internal security of the country." Seale was also one of
the “
Chicago Eight” defendants charged with conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic Party Convention. Seale was
charged with 16 counts of contempt of court after repeated outbursts during the trial for which he was bound and gagged. He
spent four years in prison. In 1973, he finished second in a run for mayor of Oakland, Ca. Since, Seale has been a community
activist and author. Among his several books are his biography, "
Seize the Time," and a cook book, "Barbeque'n with Bobby."
23 -- On this day in 1955, Dallas native Charlie "Choo-Choo"  Brackins played the final minutes of a game against the Cleveland
Browns
for the Green Bay Packers, making him the fourth black quarterback to play in an NFL game, but the first quarterback
from a historically black college to play in the league. Brackins attended Lincoln High School in Dallas then starred at
Prairie View
A&M
, leading the Panthers to 33 wins in the 37 games he played. He was a 16th round pick by the Green Bay Packers in the 1955
draft.
24 -- Two historically black Austin institutions of higher education, Samuel Huston College and Tillotson College,
merged to form
Huston-Tillotson College (now University) on this day in 1952. Tillotson College had opened its doors
in 1881, and Samuel Huston College in 1900. Huston-Tillotson College is a coeducational college of liberal arts and
sciences, operated jointly under the auspices of the
American Missionary Association of the United Church of Christ and
the
Board of Education of the United Methodist Church.
25Prairie View and National Basketball Association great Zelmo Beaty was born on this day in 1939 in Hillister (50 miles
north of Beaumont). Beaty played during segregation at all-black Scott High School in nearby Woodville. At PV, Beaty led the
Panthers to the 1962
NAIA national championship and was named tournament MVP. He averaged 25 points and 20 rebounds
during his collegiate career. Though undersized at 6-9 for a center, Beaty was the third overall pick in the
1962 NBA draft by
the
St. Louis Hawks (now Atlanta), made the 1962-63 NBA All-Rookie Team and was a league All-Star in 1966 and 1968 in an
era dominated by centers
Wilt Chamberlain and Bill Russell. Beaty jumped to the American Basketball Association and led the
Utah Stars to their only championship in 1971. In eight NBA seasons, he averaged 16 points and 11 rebounds a game. Beaty is
a member of the
National Collegiate Basketball Hall of Fame.