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"Coming to Texas, 1528-1836"
Approximately 54% of all enslaved Africans brought to the New
World between 1519 and 1700 disembarked in Spanish America, and
New Spain (Mexico) received its share through the ports of Veracruz  
where Africans were first brought and taken for work in the country's
gold and silver mines, as servants, field workers and other labors.  So
numerous were Africans in New Spain that by 1570 the 20,569
Africans there were three times the Spanish population.
The Africans spread out through New Spain, including heading  
north and across the Rio Grande inter-marrying with indigenous
people, running away from slavery (marronage) and starting their  
own communities. Some became the first black Texans.
This package examines how Africans first came to this part of the

Mailing address:
1108 Lavaca St., No. 110-212
Austin, TX 78701      
Phone: 512-673-0565      
Unitarian Universal
of Austin
Texas Black History Preservation Project
Documenting the Complete African American Experience in Texas -- "Know your history, know yourself"
Want to submit an entry? See our submissions page for how you can contribute an entry, essay, photo or other pertinent information.

The Houston Riot/Camp Logan Mutiny
The darkest social blemish in Houston's history occurred on the steamy
night of Aug. 23, 1917. The Houston Riot, also called the Camp  Logan
Mutiny, is known as the only race riot in U.S. history where  more
whites (15) than blacks (4) died. The incident led to the largest  court
martial in U.S. military history.
Here, the TBHPP examines that night as well as the events leading to it
and the aftermath that included 19 members of the 24th Infantry (a unit
of the famed "Buffalo Soldiers") being led to the gallows and buried  in
practically unmarked graves at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio.  Our
stories include:

  • "Camp Logan Riot of 1917": An essay by Roxanne Evans and
    Michael Hurd
  • Angela Holder, history professor at Houston Community College,
    Central Campus, is a great niece of one of the 24th Infantry
    soldiers hung for alleged participation in the riot. Prof. Holder
    writes a personal reflection on the riots.
  • Expanded Timeline: A history of African Americans in the U.S.
  • The Crisis Report -- Right's activist Martha Gruening reported on
    the Houston violence for the November, 1917 edition of The Crisis
    magazine, the NAACP's influential quarterly publication started
    by W.E.B. DuBois.
  • Video: "Buffalo Soldiers history."
Drawing by Kathleen Howell

"The Emancipation Proclamation --
Freedom Realized and Delayed"
The 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation was marked in 2013. President Abraham Lincoln signed the
proclamation on Jan. 1, 1863. The order officially freed all slaves within the states or parts of states, basically the
Confederate states, including Texas, that were in rebellion against the Union. However, the proclamation did not
apply to the one million slaves in Union territory who remained in bondage and word of the edict would not
officially reach Texas for another two and half years -- June 19, 1865.
View the TBHPP special package on the
Proclamation and Juneteenth, including an essay, video, and images.
The TBHPP is presenting this wonderful exhibit on the history of African-American
physicians in Texas courtesy of the
Texas Medical Association. Some were born
slaves, such as Franklin R. Robey, MD, of Houston, some were the children of slaves.
Maps, vintage images, and a timeline trace key events starting in 1837 and continuing
until 2009 when TMA elected its first African-American president,
William H. Fleming
III, MD, a Houston neurologist. Click here to view the exhibit.
This Week in Texas Black History -- Aug. 30-Sep. 5
Africans have had a presence in Texas for almost 500 years, maybe longer. The territory was the northernmost area of New Spain (Mexico) in 1528 when Esteban (Estevanico), a Moroccan Moor
servant, waded ashore with a group of Spanish conquistadors near what is now Galveston Island and established himself as the first known African in what would become Texas. Since, African
Americans have contributed significantly in all facets of the building of the Lone Star State -- its infrastructure, image, and culture. For that, the Texas Black History Preservation Project is charting
every aspect of the black experience in Texas as an online encyclopedia.

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TBHPP, The Blog!

Prairie View A&M history professor Ron Goodwin's bi-weekly blog is exclusive to TBHPP, addressing black history and contemporary
African American issues. Follow, comment, and join in the discourse. Read it
#MyUntold -- Wells Fargo Bank storytelling campaign for African Americans
Wells Fargo Bank is giving everyday African Americans an opportunity to tell their stories as a way to present new
and varied perspectives on what it means to be African American. In the company's "#MyUntold" story- telling
movement, members of the community are invited to submit their stories on social media platforms in video,
pictures, or words by using the phrase #MyUntold. To share your untold story, simply enter the phrase #MyUntold
on Facebook, Twitter, etc. To view videos from the campaign, visit the
Wells Fargo YouTube page. For
suggestions on creating and sharing your story, see the Wells Fargo storytelling tip sheet
30-31 – In 1956, defiant white citizens of Mansfield blocked the enrollment of three black students at Mansfield High School
in what became known as the "
Mansfield School Desegregation Incident." The school district had been sued by the NAACP
and a federal court ordered the district to desegregate – the first such order in Texas. However, Mansfield would not
integrate its schools until 1965.
30 – In 1924, Kenny Dorham, jazz trumpeter, was born on this day in Fairfield. A pioneer of the bebop era, Dorham attended
Anderson High School in Austin and played in the
Wiley College dance band. In the '40s and '50s, he played with such greats as
Dizzy Gillespie, Billy Eckstine, and Thelonius Monk. Dorham was also a founding member of the Jazz Messengers with Art
31Frank Robinson, the first black manager in Major League Baseball, was born on this day in Beaumont. Robinson grew up in
Oakland and played the bulk of his career with the
Cincinnati Reds and Baltimore Orioles. He won the triple crown -- leading the
league in home runs (49), runs batted in (122), and batting average (.316) -- in 1966, and became manager of the
Cleveland Indians
in 1975
. A Baseball Hall of Famer, his 586 career home runs are ninth all-time in MLB.
Sep. 1 -- Curtis John Guillory was born on this day in 1943 in Mallet, Louisiana. Guillory became Bishop of the Roman Catholic
of Beaumont in 2000 and the first African American Catholic bishop in Texas.
1 – On this day in 1990, Dr. Marguerite Ross Barnett became president of the Univ. of Houston and the first black woman to lead
a major American university. From Charlottesville, Virginia she grew up in Buffalo, New York and earned a political science
degree from
Antioch College and master’s and doctorate degrees in political science from the University of Chicago. A recognized
scholar in political science, she taught at
Princeton, Howard, and Columbia universities. At UH, she succeeded in raising more
than $150 million for the institution, establishing the Texas Center for Environmental Studies, and instituting the nationally
renowned Bridge Program, which aided and motivated disadvantaged students to make a successful transition from high school
to college. Barnett died of complications from a neuro-endorcrinological condition on February 26, 1992.
2 -- E.H. Anderson was born on this day in 1850 in Memphis, Tenn. Anderson would become the second principal for Prairie
View State Normal School (
Prairie View A&M University) in 1879. At the time, the school’s enrollment was only 50 students.
2 – On this date in 1946, musician William Everett "Billy" Preston was born in Houston. A child prodigy, Preston began playing
piano at age 3, was performing as an organist by age 10 for gospel singers such as
Mahalia Jackson and touring with Little
Richard at age 16. He became widely acknowledged as the "Fifth Beatle" having been the only party to ever have his name included
in the label credits of the
Beatles "Let It Be" and the "Abbey Road" albums as well as the landmark "White Album." As a solo artist,
Preston had a string of Number 1 hit singles including the Grammy-winning "
Outta Space," "Will It Go Round In Circles,"
Nothing From Nothing" and "Space Race." He wrote the song "You Are So Beautiful" which was a multi-platinum hit for British
blues singer
Joe Cocker.
4 -- Multi-platinum, Grammy Award-winning singer Beyoncé Knowles was born on this day in 1981 in Houston. Knowles rose to
fame as the creative force and lead singer of R&B girl group
Destiny's Child, the best-selling female group of all time, with over fifty
million records sold. The multi-talented Knowles is also an dancer, actress, producer, fashion designer and model, and was twice-
nominated for
Golden Globe Awards for her performance in "Dream Girls" in 2006. In 2008, she married hip hop mogul Jay-Z and
in 2013 was ranked by
Forbes magazine among the most powerful celebrities in the world.
5 -- Football player Jerry LeVias was born on this day in 1946 in Beaumont. LeVias starred as a quarterback at Hebert High School,
but became the first black scholarship athlete and second black football player in the
Southwest Conference as a wide receiver in
1966 at
Southern Methodist University.  He was an All-America (athletic and academic) as a senior and twice led the league in
receiving and left SMU with numerous school and conference career records. With the
Houston Oilers, LeVias was selected to the
American Football League All-Star Team. He is a member of the Texas Sports Hall of Fame, the College Football Hall of Fame,
and the
Prairie View Interscholastic League Hall of Fame.
5 -- Dr. June Brewer was born in Austin on this day in 1925. Brewer was the first of five African-American women to apply for
admission to  the
University of Texas Graduate School in 1950 after the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling on Heman Sweatt's admission.
She was an English Professor at  
Huston-Tillotson College for 35 years and was Chairperson of the department, the first Endowed
Professor (Karl Downs Professor of Humanities) and Professor Emeritus on retirement. She received a
National Endowment for the
Humanities Fellowship
to conduct research on black women writers which became her teaching specialty. Brewer served on
Austin Independent School District task forces, including one for dropout prevention, and also founded a nonprofit
organization, Borders Learning Community, which promoted closing the racial achievement gap, especially raising standardized
test scores.
5 – On this day in 1956, Texarkana Junior College was integrated when Jessalyn Yvonne Gray and Laura Ellis passed aptitude
tests and were admitted to the school. Their acceptance set off a chain of violent protests and community-wide death threats
against blacks by local white racists. A black-owned service station was blasted with shotgun fire, two crosses were burned
and a black man was hanged in effigy hours after the 30-year segregation policy was struck down.