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"Coming to Texas, 1528-1836"
Approximately 54% of all enslaved Africans brought to the New
World between 1519 and 1700 disembarked in Spanish America, and
New Spain (Mexico) received its share through the ports of Veracruz  
where Africans were first brought and taken for work in the country's
gold and silver mines, as servants, field workers and other labors.  So
numerous were Africans in New Spain that by 1570 the 20,569
Africans there were three times the Spanish population.
The Africans spread out through New Spain, including heading  
north and across the Rio Grande inter-marrying with indigenous
people, running away from slavery (marronage) and starting their  
own communities. Some became the first black Texans.
This package examines how Africans first came to this part of the

Mailing address:
1108 Lavaca St., No. 110-212
Austin, TX 78701      
Phone: 512-673-0565      
Unitarian Universal
of Austin
Texas Black History Preservation Project
Documenting the Complete African American Experience in Texas -- "Know your history, know yourself"
Want to submit an entry? See our submissions page for how you can contribute an entry, essay, photo or other pertinent information.

The Houston Riot/Camp Logan Mutiny
The darkest social blemish in Houston's history occurred on the steamy
night of Aug. 23, 1917. The Houston Riot, also called the Camp  Logan
Mutiny, is known as the only race riot in U.S. history where  more
whites (15) than blacks (4) died. The incident led to the largest  court
martial in U.S. military history.
Here, the TBHPP examines that night as well as the events leading to it
and the aftermath that included 19 members of the 24th Infantry (a unit
of the famed "Buffalo Soldiers") being led to the gallows and buried  in
practically unmarked graves at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio.  Our
stories include:

  • "Camp Logan Riot of 1917": An essay by Roxanne Evans and
    Michael Hurd
  • Angela Holder, history professor at Houston Community College,
    Central Campus, is a great niece of one of the 24th Infantry
    soldiers hung for alleged participation in the riot. Prof. Holder
    writes a personal reflection on the riots.
  • Expanded Timeline: A history of African Americans in the U.S.
  • The Crisis Report -- Right's activist Martha Gruening reported on
    the Houston violence for the November, 1917 edition of The Crisis
    magazine, the NAACP's influential quarterly publication started
    by W.E.B. DuBois.
  • Video: "Buffalo Soldiers history."
Drawing by Kathleen Howell

"The Emancipation Proclamation --
               Freedom Realized and Delayed"
The 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation was marked in 2013. President Abraham Lincoln signed the
proclamation on Jan. 1, 1863. The order officially freed all slaves within the states or parts of states, basically the
Confederate states, including Texas, that were in rebellion against the Union. However, the proclamation did not
apply to the one million slaves in Union territory who remained in bondage and word of the edict would not
officially reach Texas for another two and half years -- June 19, 1865.
View the TBHPP special package on the
Proclamation and Juneteenth, including an essay, video, and images.
The TBHPP is presenting this wonderful exhibit on the history of African-American
physicians in Texas courtesy of the
Texas Medical Association. Some were born
slaves, such as Franklin R. Robey, MD, of Houston, some were the children of slaves.
Maps, vintage images, and a timeline trace key events starting in 1837 and continuing
until 2009 when TMA elected its first African-American president,
William H. Fleming
III, MD, a Houston neurologist. Click here to view the exhibit.
This Week in Texas Black History -- Jan. 25-31
Africans have had a presence in Texas for almost 500 years, maybe longer. The territory was the northernmost area of New Spain (Mexico) in 1528 when Esteban (Estevanico), a Moroccan Moor
servant, waded ashore with a group of Spanish conquistadors near what is now Galveston Island and established himself as the first known African in what would become Texas. Since, African
Americans have contributed significantly in all facets of the building of the Lone Star State -- its infrastructure, image, and culture. For that, the Texas Black History Preservation Project is charting
every aspect of the black experience in Texas as an online encyclopedia.

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Texas Black History Preservation Project
TBHPP, The Blog!

Prairie View A&M history professor Ron Goodwin's bi-weekly blog is exclusive to TBHPP, addressing black history and contemporary
African American issues. Follow, comment, and join in the discourse. Read it
Texas Black History...Now
History-related news and events from African American communities around the state

Wells Fargo launches storytelling campaign
             for African Americans
   Wells Fargo Bank is giving everyday African Americans an opportunity to tell their stories as a way to present new and varied perspectives on what it
means to be African American. In the company's "#MyUntold" storytelling movement, members of the community are invited to submit their stories on
social media platforms in video, pictures, or words by using the phrase #MyUntold.
   The program was launched on Oct. 6 after Wells Fargo spent several months recording over a hundred stories at black community events, such as
Juneteenth celebrations, in Houston and Atlanta where the company had sponsored showings of the renowned
Kinsey Art Collection of artifacts and
works of art commemorating black history and culture. The exhibit was presented to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation.
   "It's been pretty amazing, inspiring and authentic," said Lisa Frison, Wells Fargo's African American Segment Manager for Enterprise Marketing,
Strategy and Segments. "African American history is American history, and this is a broader opportunity to get modern African Americans to tell their
   The stories currently available are posted on the
Wells Fargo YouTube page and include a man’s momentous conversation with Dr. Martin Luther
King, Jr. on the night before King's assassination; a young woman telling how she began to see beyond race because of her experience in the military;
and a taekwondo champion sharing how her experience in the sport made her feel strong and accomplished.
   #MyUnTold also connects to the company's story – a desire to recognize and respect the diversity in its customers since its founding in 1852 by Henry
Wells and William Fargo to begin serving settlers in the Western U.S. by offering banking (buying gold, and selling paper bank drafts as good as gold)
and express (rapid delivery of the gold and anything else valuable). Wells Fargo opened for business in the gold rush port of San Francisco, where the
company is still headquartered, and then in other new towns and mining camps of the West.
   An instruction booklet distributed to Wells Fargo agents in 1888 noted, “Proper respect must be shown to all – let them be men, women, or children,
rich or poor, white or black – it must not be forgotten that the Company is dependent on these same people for its business.”
"This is part of our ongoing commitment to diversity and inclusion," Frison said, "creating this platform to tell stories. It's important to authenticate
them. We want people to get involved in the conversation because history is being made every day, past and present. Storytelling is an important
tradition in the black community. People should take the time to document and share stories, look through photo albums, and understand the stories
behind those images. Don't let them fizzle out."
   To share your untold story, simply enter the phrase #MyUntold on Facebook, Twitter, etc. To view videos from the campaign, visit the
Wells Fargo
YouTube page. For suggestions on creating and sharing your story, see the Wells Fargo storytelling tip sheetclick here.
25 – On this day in 1915, Independence Heights became the first incorporated black city in Texas. Located northeast of
Houston, it had a population of 600 and G.O. Burgess was its mayor. The area was annexed to Houston on December
26, 1929.
26Bessie Coleman was born on this date in 1892 in Atlanta, Texas. Thwarted by racism in her quest to become a pilot, Coleman
eventually went to France to train and in 1921 became the first licensed black pilot in the world. As a stunt pilot, she became
known as “Queen Bess” and “Brave Bessie” in 1995 the
U.S. Postal Service issued a stamp in Bessie's honor and in 2000 was
inducted into the
Texas Aviation Hall of Fame. The main road to Atlanta's airport is named Bessie Coleman Drive.
26 – On this date in 1980, former L.C. Anderson High School band leader B.L. Joyce died in San Jose, California. Joyce was born
in the late 1800s in
Plaquemine, La. He attended Samuel Huston College in Austin before becoming band director at Anderson
High School, from 1934 to 1955. Under his leadership, the band won the state championship seven times between 1940 and 1953
at the
Prairie View Interscholastic League competitions. Among his many star pupils was noted jazz trumpeter Kenny Dorham.
26 – On this date in 1970, contemporary gospel musician and producer Kirk Franklin was born in Fort Worth. A multi-Grammy
winner, Franklin learned to play piano as an infant and by age 11 was leading the Mt. Rose Baptist Church adult choir in
Dallas. His first album, 1993's "
Kirk Franklin & the Family," spent 100 weeks on the gospel charts (several times as No. 1), crossed
over to the R&B charts, and became the first gospel debut album to go platinum.
31 – On this date in 1931, Ernie Banks was born in Dallas. Banks attended Washington High School where he was a multi-
sport star. He played with the
Negro Leagues’ Kansas City Monarchs before becoming the first black player for the Major
League Baseball Chicago Cubs
. Known as “Mr. Cub,” Banks hit more home runs than anyone else in the majors from 1955 to
1960. He was elected to the
Baseball Hall of Fame in 1977.
31 – On this date in 1934, Broadway and movie star Etta Moten (born in Weimar) sang for President and Mrs. Franklin D.
at a White House dinner, marking the first time for an African-American woman to sing at the White House.
31 – Roosevelt Leaks, the first African-American Texas Longhorns player to earn All-America honors, was born on this day in
Brenham, TX, in 1953. Leaks rushed for 2,923 yards and 26 touchdowns in his three seasons at Texas. “Rosey” was a consensus All-
America selection in 1973 and finished third that year in
Heisman Trophy voting. He played nine seasons in the National Football
with the Baltimore Colts (1975-79) and Buffalo Bills (1980-83).