|The TBHPP is an independent nonprofit research group. Your kind donations will help support our work
and keep this site access free and open to the public. Click here to donate.
The TBHPP sincerely thanks these organizations for their support:
|"Coming to Texas, 1528-1836"
Approximately 54% of all enslaved Africans brought to the New
World between 1519 and 1700 disembarked in Spanish America, and
New Spain (Mexico) received its share through the ports of Veracruz
where Africans were first brought and taken for work in the country's
gold and silver mines, as servants, field workers and other labors. So
numerous were Africans in New Spain that by 1570 the 20,569
Africans there were three times the Spanish population.
The Africans spread out through New Spain, including heading
north and across the Rio Grande inter-marrying with indigenous
people, running away from slavery (marronage) and starting their
own communities. Some became the first black Texans.
This package examines how Africans first came to this part of the
|Texas Black History Preservation Project
Documenting the Complete African American Experience in Texas -- "Know your history, know yourself"
|Want to submit an entry? See our submissions page for how you can contribute an entry, essay, photo or other pertinent information.
The Houston Riot/Camp Logan Mutiny
The darkest social blemish in Houston's history occurred on the steamy
night of Aug. 23, 1917. The Houston Riot, also called the Camp Logan
Mutiny, is known as the only race riot in U.S. history where more
whites (15) than blacks (4) died. The incident led to the largest court
martial in U.S. military history.
Here, the TBHPP examines that night as well as the events leading to it
and the aftermath that included 19 members of the 24th Infantry (a unit
of the famed "Buffalo Soldiers") being led to the gallows and buried in
practically unmarked graves at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio. Our
- "Camp Logan Riot of 1917": An essay by Roxanne Evans and
- Angela Holder, history professor at Houston Community College,
Central Campus, is a great niece of one of the 24th Infantry
soldiers hung for alleged participation in the riot. Prof. Holder
writes a personal reflection on the riots.
- Expanded Timeline: A history of African Americans in the U.S.
- The Crisis Report -- Right's activist Martha Gruening reported on
the Houston violence for the November, 1917 edition of The Crisis
magazine, the NAACP's influential quarterly publication started
by W.E.B. DuBois.
- Video: "Buffalo Soldiers history."
Drawing by Kathleen Howell
"The Emancipation Proclamation --
Freedom Realized and Delayed"
The 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation was marked in 2013. President Abraham Lincoln signed the
proclamation on Jan. 1, 1863. The order officially freed all slaves within the states or parts of states, basically the
Confederate states, including Texas, that were in rebellion against the Union. However, the proclamation did not
apply to the one million slaves in Union territory who remained in bondage and word of the edict would not
officially reach Texas for another two and half years -- June 19, 1865. View the TBHPP special package on the
Proclamation and Juneteenth, including an essay, video, and images.
The TBHPP is presenting this wonderful exhibit on the history of African-American
physicians in Texas courtesy of the Texas Medical Association. Some were born
slaves, such as Franklin R. Robey, MD, of Houston, some were the children of slaves.
Maps, vintage images, and a timeline trace key events starting in 1837 and continuing
until 2009 when TMA elected its first African-American president, William H. Fleming
III, MD, a Houston neurologist. Click here to view the exhibit.
This Week in Texas Black History -- May 17-23
|Africans have had a presence in Texas for almost 500 years, maybe longer. The territory was the northernmost area of New Spain (Mexico) in 1528 when Esteban (Estevanico), a Moroccan Moor
servant, waded ashore with a group of Spanish conquistadors near what is now Galveston Island and established himself as the first known African in what would become Texas. Since, African
Americans have contributed significantly in all facets of the building of the Lone Star State -- its infrastructure, image, and culture. For that, the Texas Black History Preservation Project is charting
every aspect of the black experience in Texas as an online encyclopedia.
Subscribe to our
newsletter, it's free!
|TBHPP, The Blog!
Prairie View A&M history professor Ron Goodwin's bi-weekly blog is exclusive to TBHPP, addressing black history and contemporary
African American issues. Follow, comment, and join in the discourse. Read it here.
#MyUntold -- Wells Fargo Bank storytelling campaign for African Americans
Wells Fargo Bank is giving everyday African Americans an opportunity to tell their stories as a way to present
new and varied perspectives on what it means to be African American. In the company's "#MyUntold" story-
telling movement, members of the community are invited to submit their stories on social media platforms in
video, pictures, or words by using the phrase #MyUntold. To share your untold story, simply enter the phrase
#MyUntold on Facebook, Twitter, etc. To view videos from the campaign, visit the Wells Fargo YouTube page.
For suggestions on creating and sharing your story, see the Wells Fargo storytelling tip sheet here.
17 -- The U.S. Supreme Court, on this day in 1954, handed down its landmark decision in Brown v. Board of Education
declaring segregation in public schools to be unconstitutional. The court had consolidated five cases dealing with racial
segregation in public schools (in Kansas, Delaware, the District of Columbia, South Carolina, and Virginia) under one
name, Oliver Brown et al. v. the Board of Education of Topeka. Oliver Brown brought the case against the Topeka, Kan.
Board of Education because his daughter, Linda, in third grade, had to cross railroad tracks and ride a school bus 21
blocks to a black school, even though there was a white school only five blocks away from her home. The court ruled
unanimously that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." The 1946 Heman Sweatt case against the
University of Texas School of Law was a precedent for the ruling.
20 – On this day in 1881, Mary Elizabeth Branch was born to a family of former slaves near Farmville, Virginia. Branch received a
bachelor's degree in 1922 and a master's degree in English in 1925, both from the University of Chicago. In 1930, the American
Missionary Association appointed her president of Tillotson College in Austin, making her the first woman to head an accredited
college in Texas. Under her direction the college's facilities were improved, the library’s holdings were expanded, and the faculty size
doubled. She also permitted the organization of fraternities and sororities, and encouraged the formation of academic and athletic
clubs. In 1944, Branch helped to establish the United Negro College Fund.
22 -- Marguerite Ross Barnett was born on this date in 1942. In 1990, she became the first woman and the first African-American to
hold the office of president of the University of Houston. From Charlottesville, Virginia she grew up in Buffalo, New York and
earned a political science degree from Antioch College and master’s and doctorate degrees in political science from the University of
Chicago. A recognized scholar in political science, she taught at Princeton, Howard, and Columbia. At UH, she succeeded in
raising more than $150 million for the institution, establishing the Texas Center for Environmental Studies, and instituting the
nationally renowned Bridge Program, which aided and motivated disadvantaged students to make a successful transition from high
school to college.
23 – On this day in 1973, Houstonian Don Robey sold Duke-Peacock Records, one of the first nationally-successful black-owned
labels, to ABC-Dunhill, bringing an end to an important era in the Texas recording industry. Robey founded Peacock Records in
1949 to promote his featured artist, Clarence “Gatemouth” Brown. In 1952, Peacock merged with Duke Records which added to
Robey's roster R&B musicians such as Junior Parker, Bobby Blue Bland, Big Mama Thornton, and Johnny Ace. Robey’s Duke-
Peacock Records helped shaped the sound of early rock ‘n’ roll and left a lasting imprint on American popular music.