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|"Coming to Texas, 1528-1836"
Approximately 54% of all enslaved Africans brought to the New
World between 1519 and 1700 disembarked in Spanish America, and
New Spain (Mexico) received its share through the ports of Veracruz
where Africans were first brought and taken for work in the country's
gold and silver mines, as servants, field workers and other labors. So
numerous were Africans in New Spain that by 1570 the 20,569
Africans there were three times the Spanish population.
The Africans spread out through New Spain, including heading
north and across the Rio Grande inter-marrying with indigenous
people, running away from slavery (marronage) and starting their
own communities. Some became the first black Texans.
This package examines how Africans first came to this part of the
|Texas Black History Preservation Project
Documenting the Complete African American Experience in Texas -- "Know your history, know yourself"
|Want to submit an entry? See our submissions page for how you can contribute an entry, essay, photo or other pertinent information.
The Houston Riot/Camp Logan Mutiny
The darkest social blemish in Houston's history occurred on the steamy
night of Aug. 23, 1917. The Houston Riot, also called the Camp Logan
Mutiny, is known as the only race riot in U.S. history where more
whites (15) than blacks (4) died. The incident led to the largest court
martial in U.S. military history.
Here, the TBHPP examines that night as well as the events leading to it
and the aftermath that included 19 members of the 24th Infantry (a unit
of the famed "Buffalo Soldiers") being led to the gallows and buried in
practically unmarked graves at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio. Our
- "Camp Logan Riot of 1917": An essay by Roxanne Evans and
- Angela Holder, history professor at Houston Community College,
Central Campus, is a great niece of one of the 24th Infantry
soldiers hung for alleged participation in the riot. Prof. Holder
writes a personal reflection on the riots.
- Expanded Timeline: A history of African Americans in the U.S.
- The Crisis Report -- Right's activist Martha Gruening reported on
the Houston violence for the November, 1917 edition of The Crisis
magazine, the NAACP's influential quarterly publication started
by W.E.B. DuBois.
- Video: "Buffalo Soldiers history."
Drawing by Kathleen Howell
"The Emancipation Proclamation --
Freedom Realized and Delayed"
The 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation was marked in 2013. President Abraham Lincoln signed the
proclamation on Jan. 1, 1863. The order officially freed all slaves within the states or parts of states, basically the
Confederate states, including Texas, that were in rebellion against the Union. However, the proclamation did not
apply to the one million slaves in Union territory who remained in bondage and word of the edict would not
officially reach Texas for another two and half years -- June 19, 1865. View the TBHPP special package on the
Proclamation and Juneteenth, including an essay, video, and images.
The TBHPP is presenting this wonderful exhibit on the history of African-American
physicians in Texas courtesy of the Texas Medical Association. Some were born
slaves, such as Franklin R. Robey, MD, of Houston, some were the children of slaves.
Maps, vintage images, and a timeline trace key events starting in 1837 and continuing
until 2009 when TMA elected its first African-American president, William H. Fleming
III, MD, a Houston neurologist. Click here to view the exhibit.
This Week in Texas Black History -- Aug. 30-Sep. 5
|Africans have had a presence in Texas for almost 500 years, maybe longer. The territory was the northernmost area of New Spain (Mexico) in 1528 when Esteban (Estevanico), a Moroccan Moor
servant, waded ashore with a group of Spanish conquistadors near what is now Galveston Island and established himself as the first known African in what would become Texas. Since, African
Americans have contributed significantly in all facets of the building of the Lone Star State -- its infrastructure, image, and culture. For that, the Texas Black History Preservation Project is charting
every aspect of the black experience in Texas as an online encyclopedia.
Subscribe to our
newsletter, it's free!
|TBHPP, The Blog!
Prairie View A&M history professor Ron Goodwin's bi-weekly blog is exclusive to TBHPP, addressing black history and contemporary
African American issues. Follow, comment, and join in the discourse. Read it here.
#MyUntold -- Wells Fargo Bank storytelling campaign for African Americans
Wells Fargo Bank is giving everyday African Americans an opportunity to tell their stories as a way to present new
and varied perspectives on what it means to be African American. In the company's "#MyUntold" story- telling
movement, members of the community are invited to submit their stories on social media platforms in video,
pictures, or words by using the phrase #MyUntold. To share your untold story, simply enter the phrase #MyUntold
on Facebook, Twitter, etc. To view videos from the campaign, visit the Wells Fargo YouTube page. For
suggestions on creating and sharing your story, see the Wells Fargo storytelling tip sheet here.
30-31 – In 1956, defiant white citizens of Mansfield blocked the enrollment of three black students at Mansfield High School
in what became known as the "Mansfield School Desegregation Incident." The school district had been sued by the NAACP
and a federal court ordered the district to desegregate – the first such order in Texas. However, Mansfield would not
integrate its schools until 1965.
1 – On this day in 1990, Dr. Marguerite Ross Barnett became president of the Univ. of Houston and the first black woman to lead
a major American university. From Charlottesville, Virginia she grew up in Buffalo, New York and earned a political science
degree from Antioch College and master’s and doctorate degrees in political science from the University of Chicago. A recognized
scholar in political science, she taught at Princeton, Howard, and Columbia universities. At UH, she succeeded in raising more
than $150 million for the institution, establishing the Texas Center for Environmental Studies, and instituting the nationally
renowned Bridge Program, which aided and motivated disadvantaged students to make a successful transition from high school
to college. Barnett died of complications from a neuro-endorcrinological condition on February 26, 1992.
2 -- E.H. Anderson was born on this day in 1850 in Memphis, Tenn. Anderson would become the second principal for Prairie
View State Normal School (Prairie View A&M University) in 1879. At the time, the school’s enrollment was only 50 students.
4 -- Multi-platinum, Grammy Award-winning singer Beyoncé Knowles was born on this day in 1981 in Houston. Knowles rose to
fame as the creative force and lead singer of R&B girl group Destiny's Child, the best-selling female group of all time, with over fifty
million records sold. The multi-talented Knowles is also an dancer, actress, producer, fashion designer and model, and was twice-
nominated for Golden Globe Awards for her performance in "Dream Girls" in 2006. In 2008, she married hip hop mogul Jay-Z and
in 2013 was ranked by Forbes magazine among the most powerful celebrities in the world.
5 – On this day in 1956, Texarkana Junior College was integrated when Jessalyn Yvonne Gray and Laura Ellis passed aptitude
tests and were admitted to the school. Their acceptance set off a chain of violent protests and community-wide death threats
against blacks by local white racists. A black-owned service station was blasted with shotgun fire, two crosses were burned
and a black man was hanged in effigy hours after the 30-year segregation policy was struck down.